The History Club presented “Teaching Around the World” in room 310 of Leonard Hall on Wednesday.
Multiple professors from IUP in the American Language Institute Department shared their experience of teaching in other countries. This included the curriculum, funds, technology, sports and other topics.
The professors are from different countries with a similar education to America but contrast in the government and cultures. For example, in India, kabaddi is a sport that students take part in that is closest in resemblance to American football.
Jan Belisario is from the Fulbright Dai program in the Philippines. In the Philippines, the education is based on a K to 12 basic education curricula. This curriculum differs from others in its core subjects in senior high schools where students have different tracks that they can follow such as science, technology, engineering and math (STEM), and industrial arts.
Kindergarten is taught in a dialect, and the language of instruction is in English and Filipino. A student goes four quarters and would need to learn a trade in this exploratory class. Grades 9-10 would have to do eight specialized The Learning Experience (TLE) classes in order to go into the senior high school.
“We have 50 to 70 students in a classroom,” Belisario said. “When I came here, I was really overwhelmed because we have a bigger class size.”
80 percent of the students are from low-income households, and poverty is the main reason for students dropping out and/or academic failure.
Students did not have lockers or hall passes and would have to walk to school. There is limited Wi-Fi and a limited number of computers available.
Through the COVID-19 pandemic, the schools used distance learning through printed modules along with online digital modules. Belisario said that the schools in the Philippines are currently still shut down as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Brazilian education is organized in categories of basic education and higher education. The curriculum is nationally controlled by the government. The federal government also sets the overall educational policies and objectives and allocates federal funding for all levels of education.
The graduate universities are paid for by the government, but private universities are paid for by the student and steep in price. The quantity of students is what makes a great difference compared to American universities.
Until this year, students did not get to choose what they wanted to study. They are still required to study math and Portuguese.
Amit Kumar, from the American Language Institute, said that students in India stay with the teachers on campus. They take 80 students per year and 3,000 to 4,000 people fight for a spot in this school. There are a total of 500 students on campus. The education is fully funded including books, clothes and other student needs.
“You would graduate without paying a single penny,” Kumar said.
All of the students learn English to have the three-language family. They have a dress code with uniforms. Students use tablets but can only use them in the classrooms because they live with their teachers. Kabaddi is one of the games that they have, but mass yoga is also practiced in their schools
Neeru Lohiya from Delhi spoke about the schooling in the part of India that she taught in. The schools choose what education that they want with most of the state governments following a 12-year curriculum. Grades 1-8 are owned and can be changed by the state. If students want to hop from one system to another, then they need to do so before ninth grade. Registrations take place in grade nine, and students can move states but would have to keep the same board.
Prior to 2015, there was no hygiene and no cleanliness. The goal for these schools is building a strong school community to help in the progression of students.
Abdelmottalib Hakkar is from Morocco, and he said that the education system is the kingdom. It is controlled by the state within 12 regions which are managed by the Ministry of Education. There are three types of schools including public, private and international schools.
Public schools are not funded to be well equipped. Primary school is for six years, and it takes three years to be in a university for either a Bachelor of Arts or Master of Arts. If a student wants to go for their doctorate, they would have to continue for three to six additional years of schooling.
French and Arabic are the languages taught. The more privileged schools learn music and English in ninth grade. Timetables show that these teachers work a maximum of 21 hours a week. In other words, teachers had limited hours of teaching.
In 12th grade, there is a national exam to enter into higher education, and 48 percent of students pass this exam. In comparison to American schooling, this would be similar to the SATs. In addition, Morocco was the first country to recognize America’s independence. The United States holds more privilege with the resources and federal funding available at most schools.
Dallen Atwebembire from Uganda also taught the K-12 basic education. In Uganda, kindergarten is optional, and all of the education is in English. The Ministry of Education is in control of the curriculum.
Teaching is different for people around the world. From having access to Wi-Fi and new buildings to run-down building with no access to technology, supplies vary between countries and education systems. Although resources may not always be available to the teachers, they still made the best of it to give their students the education that they need to advance in life.
IUP is a place for people from all over the world whether it is a professor wanting to teach or a student wanting to learn.