Nov. 18 holds significance in history as far as historical events go.
In 1872, activist Susan B. Anthony was arrested by a U.S. Deputy Marshal and charged with illegal voting.
In 1902, a British toymaker named the Teddy Bear after Theodore Roosevelt and, in 1978, the Jonestown Massacre in Guyana shocked the world.
In 1820, Susan B. Anthony was born to a Quaker family who fought for social equality from the time she was born. She became famous for her anti-slavery and woman’s suffrage movements and advocacy.
Women were not allowed to vote until 1920, and even then, women in minorities were not allowed.
On Election Day in 1872, Anthony and 14 other women attempted to vote after convincing the election inspectors to allow them to. She was arrested Nov. 18 and charged with illegally voting.
Anthony’s trial began June 17, 1873, seven months after she’d been arrested. The judge directed the jury to give a guilty verdict.
During the second day of the trial, the judge allowed Anthony to speak and, after repeatedly being told to “sit down and be quiet,” continued her protesting against the guilty verdict.
She was eventually ordered to pay a $100 fine, to which she refused. The judge threw the case out.
Anthony died in 1906, 14 years before women would be given the right to vote.
A few years before Anthony’s death, British toymaker Morris Michtom created the cuddly Teddy Bear, named after U.S. president Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt.
Roosevelt received the nickname “Teddy” in 1902 on a bear hunting trip in Mississippi.
A cartoon was drawn up by Clifford Berryman, a cartoonist for The Washington Post, to run in the Nov. 16, 1902, issue.
Michtom saw the cartoon and was inspired to create a soft, tiny bear cut and placed it in his shop window, calling it “Teddy’s Bear” after receiving written permission from Roosevelt to use his name.
The toy became an instant hit among customers, and Michtom and his wife, Rose, opened the “Ideal Novelty and Toy Company” in 1907.
Michtom passed away in 1938, but his legacy lives on in every teddy bear cuddled and loved.
In 1978, the Jonestown Massacre shocked the nation to its core.
Originally named “The Peoples Temple Agricultural Project,” Jonestown was a settlement that started in San Francisco and moved to Guyana.
Jonestown was started by Jim Jones, who became the leader and person in charge among those in the cult.
Jonestown was supposed to be a utopia among those who lived there, but when government and media attention started focusing on it, the utopia turned into a nightmare.
Members of the media had arrived in Jonestown, and Nov. 17, 1978, when they were headed back to the U.S., Jones called a meeting of those in the compound. He said that the pilot was going to be shot and the plane would go down. He was convinced they were taking the compound’s children with them, which Jones’ didn’t want.
He distributed a liquid mixture of grape Flavor Aid, chloral hydrate, cyanide, Phenergan (an antihistamine) and Valium. Children were to drink first, then parents, then the guards. Jones died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound.
All 909 members of Jonestown died Nov. 18, 1978. The massacre was constituted as the greatest single loss of American civilian life until Sept. 11, 2001.
The compound of Jonestown is still in Guyana, but a high vegetation rate has covered the ground and daisies are said to now grow where the bodies were found.
While November is most-known for Thanksgiving, other historical events happened that are worth remembering.